The Disaster Risk and Management Act, 2017 of Government of Nepal (GON) is the first Act so far that recognizes earthquake, fire, storm, flood, landslide, heavy rainfall, drought, famine and epidemics as disaster. It focuses on protecting public life, public and private property, natural and cultural heritages, physical properties and minimising the disaster risk.
- Nepal:Ministry of Home Affairs
- ISDR(InternationalStrategy for Disaster Reduction) Asia Pacific
- Humanitarian Response
- Nepal: Disaster Preparedness Network Nepal (DPNET)
- Nepal: National Emergency Operation Center
Emergency Response Preparedness
The Transformative Agenda of the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) stresses the priority of emergency response preparedness (ERP) on both the programmatic and financial side, which was reemphasized by the Agenda for Humanity The IASC ERP guidelines aim “to optimise the speed and volume of critical assistance delivered immediately after the onset of a humanitarian emergency.
Nepal is a disaster-prone country, and the United Nations in Nepal focuses on monsoon ERP and earthquake ERP in particular. It is critical within ERP to collect and analyse data to inform about risks and to facilitate efficient planning, which is supported by the following information products:
- Profiles of the provinces and municipalities three administrative divisions in Nepal (province, district and municipality) ( suggesting according to the spirit of the Constitution, Districts still remains sort of centralized approach) contain data about population statistics as well as key infrastructure. These data allow for vulnerability assessments and logistical planning.
- Inter‐agency contingency plans, which are based on early warning indicators and historical trend analysis, provide per cluster assumptions about affected areas, numbers of people in need and to be targeted, required funding, preparedness as well as response actions.